Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
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[[File:Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein02.jpg|thumb|left|150px|Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein gant he merc'h [[Marie zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst|Marie]], en 1840.]]
 
'''Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein''' pe '''CarolyneElisabeth zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg ''' (1819-1887) a oa ur gontez polonat, c'hoar d'an tsar, hag a vevas gant ar sonaozour [[Franz Liszt]] e-pad 40 vloaz.
 
Kelaouennerez e oa ivez ha krediñ a reer e savas kalz eus skridoù Liszt, ha dreist-holl e vuhezskrid [[Frédéric Chopin|Chopin]].
==Biography==
 
'''Karolina Elżbieta Iwanowska''' was born at [[Voronivtsi|Woronińce]] (today Voronivtsi (''Воронівці''), [[Ukraine]]), one of her parents' many estates in eastern Poland, then a province of the [[Russian Empire]]. OnE Aprilmiz 26,Ebrel 1836, she married an officer in the Russian service, Princear Priñs [[Nikolaus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg]] (1812–1864; sonmab ofda [[Peter Wittgenstein]]) a member of an ancient [[Baltic German]] noble house.<ref name="Estland">[http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00000601/images/index.html?seite=306 "''Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften'', Teil 2, 3: Estland", Görlitz. 1930. p. 297]</ref> Theyur hadverc'h an onlyo daughterdoe, [[Marie Pauline Antoinette]] (1837–1920) whoa zimezas diwezhatoc'h d'ar later married PrincePriñs [[Konstantin zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst]].
 
Princess Carolyne met [[Franz Liszt]] in 1847, during one of his musical tours in Russia. She had then been estranged from her husband for some time. TheAr Romanbriñsez Catholickatolik Princess andha Liszt began living together ate Weimar fromadal 1848. She eventually wished to marry Liszt and regularise their situation, but since she was still married and her husband was still alive, she had to convince the Roman Catholic authorities that her marriage to him had been invalid. After an intricate process, she was temporarily successful (September 1860). It was planned that the couple would marry in Rome, on Liszt's 50th birthday, October 22, 1861. Liszt arrived in Rome the previous day, only to find the Princess unable to marry him. It appears that both her husband and the Tsar of Russia had managed to quash permission for the marriage at the Vatican. The Russian government also impounded her several estates (she owned thousands of serfs), which made her later marriage to Liszt, or anybody, unfeasible. Furthermore, the scandal would have seriously harmed her daughter's marriageability—clearly the main reason why the Prince put an end to the scheduled marriage.
 
Subsequently, her relationship to Liszt became one of platonic companionship, especially after he had received minor orders in the Catholic Church and become an ''abbé''. She was devastated by Liszt's death and survived him only a very few months. She died in Rome on March 9, 1887.
A posthumous publication was: ''La vie chretienne au milieu du monde et en notre siècle. Entretiens pratiques recueillis et publiés par Henri Lasserre'', Paris 1895 {{fr icon}}
 
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==ReferencesNotennoù==
{{reflist}}
 
 
==Further reading==
==Lennadurezh==
* Francesco Barberio, ''Liszt e la Principessa de Sayn-Wittgenstein'', [[Roma]]: Unione Editrice 1912.
* [[Hector Berlioz]], ''Lettres à la princesse'', Paris: L'Herne 2001 (correspondence with the princess Sayn-Wittgenstein) {{fr icon}}.
** ''Briefe von Hector Berlioz an die Fürstin Caroline Sayn-Wittgenstein'' (hrsg. v. La Mara), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel 1903.
* [[Émile Ollivier]], ''Correspondance. Emile Ollivier et Carolyne de Sayn-Wittgenstein'', Paris: Presse univérsitaire 1984.
* ''Sammlung von Handzeichnungen aus dem Besitze der Fürstin Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein (1819-1889)'', München: Emil Hirsch, Antiquariat, 1922.
* Adelheid von Schorn (Hrsg.), ''Zwei Menschenalter. Erinnerungen und Briefe'', [[Berlin]]: S. Fischer 1901.
 
{{Persondata
| NAME = Sayn-Wittgenstein, Carolyne Zu
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
| SHORT DESCRIPTION =
| DATE OF BIRTH = 1819
| PLACE OF BIRTH =
| DATE OF DEATH = 1887
| PLACE OF DEATH =
}}
 
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Sayn-Wittgenstein, Carolyne Zu}}
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