Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
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[[File:Carolyne von Sayn-Wittgenstein 1847.png|thumb|150px|Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein in 1847]]
[[File:Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein02.jpg|thumb|left|150px|Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein gant he merc'h [[Marie zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst|Marie]], en 1840.]]
 
'''Carolyne Elisabeth zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg ''' (1819-1887) a oa ur gontez polonat, c'hoar d'an tsar, hag a vevas gant ar sonaozour [[Franz Liszt]] e-pad 40 vloaz.
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She pursued an enormous correspondence with Liszt and many others which is of vital historical interest. She admired and encouraged [[Hector Berlioz]], as is clear from their extensive correspondence. Berlioz dedicated ''[[Les Troyens]]'' to Princess Carolyne. She was portrayed by [[Capucine]] in the 1960 film ''[[Song Without End]]''.
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==He buhez==
 
'''Karolina Elżbieta Iwanowska''' a oa ganet e [[Voronivtsi|Woronińce]] (hiziv Voronivtsi (''Воронівці''), en [[Ukraina]]), unan eus domanioù bras he zud e reter Pologn, a oa neuze ur broviñs en [[Impalaeriezh Rus]]. E miz Ebrel 1836, e timezas d'un ofiser rus, ar Priñs [[Nikolaus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg]] (1812–1864; mab da [[Peter Wittgenstein]])
==Biography==
'''Karolina Elżbieta Iwanowska''' was born at [[Voronivtsi|Woronińce]] (today Voronivtsi (''Воронівці''), [[Ukraine]]), one of her parents' many estates in eastern Poland, then a province of the [[Russian Empire]]. E miz Ebrel 1836, she married an officer in the Russian service, ar Priñs [[Nikolaus zu Sayn <!-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg]] (1812–1864; mab da [[Peter Wittgenstein]]) a member of an ancient [[Baltic German]] noble house.<ref name="Estland">[http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00000601/images/index.html?seite=306 "''Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften'', Teil 2, 3: Estland", Görlitz. 1930. p. 297]</ref> ur verc'h o doe, [[Marie Pauline Antoinette]] (1837–1920) a zimezas diwezhatoc'h d'ar Priñs [[Konstantin zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst]].
 
'''Karolina Elżbieta Iwanowska''' was born at [[Voronivtsi|Woronińce]] (today Voronivtsi (''Воронівці''), [[Ukraine]]), one of her parents' many estates in eastern Poland, then a province of the [[Russian Empire]]. E miz Ebrel 1836, she married an officer in the Russian service, ar Priñs [[Nikolaus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg]] (1812–1864; mab da [[Peter Wittgenstein]]) a member of an ancient [[Baltic German]] noble house.<ref name="Estland">[http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00000601/images/index.html?seite=306 "''Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften'', Teil 2, 3: Estland", Görlitz. 1930. p. 297]</ref> ur verc'h o doe, [[Marie Pauline Antoinette]] (1837–1920) a zimezas diwezhatoc'h d'ar Priñs [[Konstantin zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst]].
 
Princess Carolyne met [[Franz Liszt]] in 1847, during one of his musical tours in Russia. She had then been estranged from her husband for some time. Ar briñsez katolik ha Liszt began living together e Weimar adal 1848. She eventually wished to marry Liszt and regularise their situation, but since she was still married and her husband was still alive, she had to convince the Roman Catholic authorities that her marriage to him had been invalid. After an intricate process, she was temporarily successful (September 1860). It was planned that the couple would marry in Rome, on Liszt's 50th birthday, October 22, 1861. Liszt arrived in Rome the previous day, only to find the Princess unable to marry him. It appears that both her husband and the Tsar of Russia had managed to quash permission for the marriage at the Vatican. The Russian government also impounded her several estates (she owned thousands of serfs), which made her later marriage to Liszt, or anybody, unfeasible. Furthermore, the scandal would have seriously harmed her daughter's marriageability—clearly the main reason why the Prince put an end to the scheduled marriage.
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