Diforc'hioù etre adstummoù "Raganv perc'hennañ"

2 180 okted ouzhpennet ,  14 vloaz zo
D
Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
(lañs)
 
D
{{LabourAChom}}
 
Er [[yezhoniezh]] e vez implijet an termen '''raganv perc'hennañ''' evit komz eus ur [[:en:pro-formRaganv|pro-stummraganvioù]] aimplijet c'hellevit bezañdisklêriañ implijetda ebiv lec'heo un [[Anvanv-kadarn|anv]], peda urlâret eo ul liamm perc'henniezh. Evel ar raganvioù all ec'h eo seurt raganvioù elfennoù [[frazenn anvAnaforiezh|anaforel]] hag a dalvezez evit gallet chom hep adlâret anvioù-kadarn gwezh ha gwezh all en hevelep diviz pe lavarenn, da skouer e [[saozneg]]:
 
:''These <u>glasses<u> are '''mine''', not '''yours'''''
A '''possessive pronoun''' is a [[part of speech]] that attributes ownership to someone or something. Like all other [[pronoun]]s, it substitutes a [[noun phrase]], and can prevent its repetition. For example, in the phrase, "These glasses are mine, not yours", the words "mine" and "yours" are possessive pronouns and stand for "my glasses" and "your glasses", respectively.
: ("Din(-me) eo al lunedoù-mañ")
 
: ''mine'' = ''my glasses'' ("ma ludenoù")
: ''yours'' = ''your glasses'' ("da ludenoù")
 
There are seven possessive pronouns in modern English: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs.
For a more complete list, see the [[English personal pronouns|table of English personal pronouns, possessive pronouns and adjectives]].
 
'''Personal pronouns''':
Some languages have neither possessive pronouns nor [[possessive adjective]]s, and express [[possession]] by declining the [[personal pronoun]]s in the [[genitive case|genitive]] or [[possessive case]], or by using [[possessive suffix]]es. In Finnish, for example, ''minun'' ("I's"), means "mine" or "my".{{Fact|date=February 2007}}
<table BORDER >
<tr BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<td></td>
 
<td COLSPAN="2">
== Determinative and independent possessive pronouns ==
<center>1st person</center>
Some call possessive adjectives, perhaps confusingly, '''determinative possessive pronouns'''. "Determinative", because they constitute [[determiner phrase]]s. It should be noted however that precisely because a possessive adjective constitutes a determiner phrase, and not a [[noun phrase]], strictly speaking its [[lexical category]] is [[determiner]], not pronoun.
</td>
 
<td COLSPAN="2">
<center>2nd person</center>
</td>
 
<td COLSPAN="2">
<center>3rd person</center>
</td>
</tr>
 
<tr BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<td></td>
 
<td>
<center>singular</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>plural</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>singular</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>plural</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>singular</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>plural</center>
</td>
</tr>
 
<tr>
<td BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<center>subject</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[I]] / ''we''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[we]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[you]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>you</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[he]] / [[she]] / [[it]] / ''[[one]]'' / ''they''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[they]]</center>
</td>
</tr>
 
<tr>
<td BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<center>object</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[me]] / ''us''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[us]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>you</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>you</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[him]] / [[her]] / it / ''one'' / ''them''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[them]]</center>
</td>
</tr>
 
<tr>
<td BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<center>reflexive
<br>pronoun</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[myself]] / ''[[ourself]]''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[ourselves]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[yourself]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[yourselves]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[himself]] / [[herself]] /
<br>[[itself]] / ''[[oneself]]'' / ''[[one's self]]'' / ''[[themself]]''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[themselves]]</center>
</td>
</tr>
 
<tr>
<td BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<center>possessive
<br>adjective</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[my]] / ''our''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[our]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[your]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>your</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>his / her / its / ''[[one's]]'' / ''their''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[their]]</center>
</td>
</tr>
 
<tr>
<td BGCOLOR="#F0F0F0">
<center>possessive
<br>pronoun</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[mine]] / ''ours''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[ours]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[yours]]</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>yours</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>his / [[hers]] / [[its]] / ''theirs''</center>
</td>
 
<td>
<center>[[theirs]]</center>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
 
In such contexts, in order to distinguish determinative possessive pronouns from the possessive pronouns described above, the latter are also called '''independent possessive pronouns''', because they constitute full noun phrases and don't depend on a [[noun]]. For example, while "my" must be followed by a noun such as "glasses" in "my glasses", "mine" already subsumes such a noun.
 
[[Slavic languages]] have two different third-person genitive pronouns (one [[reflexive pronoun|reflexive]], one not). For example, in [[Serbian language|Serbian]]:
:"Ana je dala Mariji '''svoju''' knjigu" — "Ana gave '''her-<small>REFLEXIVE</small>''' book to Maria" — i.e., "Ana gave her own book to Maria."
:"Ana je dala Mariji '''njenu''' knjigu" — "Ana gave '''her-<small>NON-REFLEXIVE</small>''' book to Maria" — i.e., "Ana gave Maria's book to her."
 
N'eus ket e [[brezhoneg]] raganvioù perc'hennañ ispsiail hag ober a ranker gant savadennoù all diazezet war implij [[Aragenn|araogennoù]] zo pe dre implijout ar e raer hep seurt raganvioù "hini" (unander) pe "re" (liester), da skouer:
 
: "Ma '''hini''' eo ar werenn-mañ"
: (Kv. saozneg: ''This glass is '''mine''''' = ''my glass'')
: "'''Din(-me)''' eo ar werenn-mañ"
: (Kv. saozneg: ''This glass is '''mine''''' = ''my glass'')
: "Ma '''re''' eo ar gwerennoù-mañ"
: (Kv. saozneg: ''These glasses are '''mine''''' = ''my glasses'')
: "'''Din(-me)''' eo ar gwerennoù-mañ"
: (Kv. saozneg: ''These glasses are '''mine''''' = ''my glasses'')
 
Some languages have neither possessive pronouns nor [[possessive adjective]]s, and express [[possession]] by declining the [[personal pronoun]]s in the [[genitive case|genitive]] or [[possessive case]], or by using [[possessive suffix]]es. In Finnish, for example, ''minun'' ("I's"), means "mine" or "my".
 
==Gwelit ivez==
[[da:Ejestedord]]
[[de:Possessivpronomen]]
[[en:Possessive pronoun]]
[[fr:Pronom possessif]]
[[is:Eignarfornafn]]
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