Diforc'hioù etre adstummoù "Rannfrazenn verb"

1 127 okted lamet ,  14 vloaz zo
D
Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
D (lañs)
 
D
{{LabourAChom}}
 
Er [[yezhoniezh]] e vez implijet an termen '''frazenn anvverb''' ([[Saozneg|saoz]]: ''nounverb phrase'', diverraet '''''NPVP''''') evit komz eus ur [[frazenn]] ganti da [[Penn (yezhoniezh)|benn]] un [[Anv-kadarn|anv]] pe ur [[raganvverb]] pe oe-unan pe implijet a-gevret gant [[Verb skoazell|verboù skoazell]] ha/pe [[Renadenn|renadennoù]].
 
Er frazenn verb e kaver an elfennoù ma vez savet diwarne [[prezegad]], ha talvezout a ra da reiñ titour diwar-benn [[rener]] ar frazenn.
Bez' e c'hell ur frazenn anv talvezout da [[Arguzenn (yezhoniezh)|arguzenn]] ur [[verb]], da skouer [[rener]] pe [[renadenn]] ur frazenn pe c'hoazh da [[Prezegad|brezegad]].
 
VerbA-wzhoù phrasese arevez sometimestermenet definedar morefrazennoù narrowlyverb inen scopeun doare strishoc'h, da skouer e hervez ar [[yezhadur]] [[Europa|europat]] hengounel, to allow for only those sentence elements that are strictly considered verbal elements to form verb phrases. According to such a definition, verb phrases consist only of main verbs, [[auxiliary verbs]], and other [[infinitive]] or [[participle]] constructions. For example, in the following sentences only the bolded words would be considered to form the verb phrase for each sentence:
Setu ar renadennoù a c'heller implijout a-gevret gant un nav-kadarn evit sevel ur frazenn anv:
 
(2)
In [[linguistics]], a '''verb phrase''' or '''VP''' is a [[syntax|syntactic]] structure composed of the [[predicate (grammar)|predicative]] [[sentence element|elements]] of a [[Sentence (linguistics)|sentence]] and functions in providing information about the subject of the sentence.
:a. John '''gave''' Mary a book.<br />b. They '''were being eaten''' alive.<br />c. She '''kept screaming''' like a maniac.<br />d. Thou '''shalt''' not '''kill'''.
 
==VPs in the generative grammar framework==
In the [[generative grammar]] framework, the verb phrase is a [[phrase]] [[head (linguistics)|headed]] by a [[verb]]. A verb phrase may be constructed from a single verb; often, however, the verb phrase will consist of various combinations of the main verb and any [[auxiliary verb]]s, plus optional [[specifier]]s, [[Complement (linguistics)|complement]]s, and [[adjunct]]s. For example, consider the following sentences:
 
(1)
Example (1a) contains the verb phrase made up only of the verb ''to hit''. Example (1b) contains the main verb ''see'', the [[noun phrase]] (NP) complement ''the man'', and the [[prepositional phrase]] (PP) adjunct ''through the window''. Additionally, example (1c) contains the main verb ''gave'' and two complements, the noun phrases ''Mary'' and ''a book'', both selected by the verb in this case.
 
Note that according to this definition, the verb phrase corresponds to what is commonly called the [[Predicate_(grammar)|predicate]].
 
==VPs narrowly defined==
Verb phrases are sometimes defined more narrowly in scope to allow for only those sentence elements that are strictly considered verbal elements to form verb phrases. According to such a definition, verb phrases consist only of main verbs, [[auxiliary verbs]], and other [[infinitive]] or [[participle]] constructions. For example, in the following sentences only the bolded words would be considered to form the verb phrase for each sentence:
 
(2)
:a. John '''gave''' Mary a book.<br />b. They '''were being eaten''' alive.<br />c. She '''kept screaming''' like a maniac.<br />d. Thou '''shalt''' not '''kill'''.
 
This more narrow definition is often applied in [[functionalism (linguistics)|functionalist]] frameworks and traditional [[European]] [[reference grammar]]s.
 
==Gwelit ivez==
36 397

modifications