* Yezhoù siouek
Er [[yezhoù siouek]]
in principle almost all words are verbs. So, not only (transitive, intransitive and so-called ' stative') verbs but even nouns often behave like verbs - and do not need to have copulas, da skouer e [[lakoteg]]:
: _wicasa_ [wicha's^a] - man/adult male, to-be-a-man -> wimacasa/winicasa/he wicasa (I am/you are/he is a man).
Yet, there also is a verb (copula) _heca_ [he'cha] (to be a such) that in most cases is used:
wicasa hemaca/henica/heca" (I am/you are/he is a man).
So, in order to express that I am a doctor of profession, I have to say:
pezuta wicasa hemaca" .
But in order to express that I'm THE doctor (say, that had been phoned to help), I'd have to use another copula _(i)ye_ (to be the one):
pezuta wicasa (kin) miye lo" (medicine-man DEF ART I-am-the-one MALE ASSERT).
In order to refer to space (e.g. Robert is in the house), various verbs are used as copula, e.g. _yankA_ [yaNka'] (lit.: to sit) for humans, _han/he_ [haN'/he'] (to stand upright) for inanimates of a certain shape. So,
: "Robert timahel yanke (yelo)"
is in the house"
owotetipi wigli-oinazin kin hel isakib wanzi he".
: "there's one restaurant next to the gas station"