Diforc'hioù etre adstummoù "Tự Đức"

Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
 
====[[Europiz]] e Vietnam====
Kas a reas Frañs ur c'horf brezelekaat bras ha tagañ a reas adalek su Vietnam. Stourm kalonekakalonek a reas armeoù Nguyễn e-pad ur mare met re diamzeret oa o armoù hag o zaktik evit dont a-benn eus ar C'hallaoued. Goulenn a reas Tự Đức sikour digant e bennaotrou impalaer Qing [[Sina ]]. Kregiñ a reas neuze brezel etre Frañs ha Sina. Echuiñ a reas an emgannoù tro-dro da [[Hanoï]] etre Frañs armeoù Sina hag ar morlaeron [[Banieloù-Du]] gant trec'h Frañs. Dilezel a reas impalaer Sina e aotrouniezh gladdalc'hel war Vietnam. Anavezout a reas renerezh Frañs war ar vro.
 
====Reuz diabarzh====
Gwashaet e vo an traoù gant emsavadegoù nevez e diabarzh ar vro. Ur boaz oa a-hed prantad ren ar rummad-impalaerien Nguyễn. kantadoù a emsavadegoù bihan a c'hoarvezas enep o renerezh. Ar gwaskerezh kriz met diefed enep ar visionerien gristen a voe ur vammenn vras a reuz. Muntr eur a eskob spagnol a roas abeg d'ar C'hallaoued ha d'ar Spagnoled da aloubiñ ar vro hag a zegasas kemereidigezh Saigon. E 1848 e roas Tự Đức urzh d'an holl gristenien vietnamat dilezel o relijion pe e vefent merket war o dremm gant ur sin a zisivoud hag e vefe lemmet diganto pep gwir. Lakaat a reas se an holl Europiz enep dezhañ hag e pellaas pep spi da gaout sikour evel reuzied ar bed diavaez.
Pa oa an armeoù gall o tostaat eus ar gêr-benn e krogas emsavadegoù. Aon en doe Tự Đức gwelout e c'halloud diskaret. Gwelloc'h e voe dezhañ en em glevout gant ar C'hallaoued daoust d'an dilezadurioù mezhekaus a vefe d'ober evit gellout bezañ trec'h war an emsavadeg. Asantiñ a reas e teufe lodenn su Vietnam, [[Kochinchina]]
[[skeudenn:Grave tu duc.jpg|left|thumb|Bez Tự Đức]]
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4 Reference
 
When further rebellions broke out as the French were advancing on the capital, Tự Đức feared that his authority was crumbling. He preferred to make a deal with the French so that he could crush the rebellion since while France may demand humiliating concessions, the rebels would most likely depose and/or kill him.Treaties He signed away the southernmost of Vietnam, Cochinchina, to be a French colony and accepted the status of a French protectorate for his country. This caused a huge uproar, and many, such as the famous mandarin Trương Định, refused to recognize the treaty and fought on in defense of their country, denouncing Tự Đức for surrendering any part of their homeland.
 
 
 
European conquest
 
 
Rebellions
 
To make matters worse, Emperor Tự Đức had to deal with renewed internal rebellions which had become commonplace for the Nguyễn Dynasty. There were literally hundreds of small rebellions and uprisings against Nguyễn rule. Ineffective attempts to enforce the ban on Christian missionaries were also the biggest source of trouble, including the execution of a Spanish bishop which was used to justify the French and Spanish invasion that led to the fall of Saigon. By an order of 1848 Tự Đức commanded all Vietnamese Catholic converts to renounce their religion, otherwise they would be branded on the face with the mark of a heretic and surrender all of their rights and privileges. This rallied most of the European powers against Vietnam, and Tự Đức by doing this had given up any hope of Vietnam gaining help as a victim from the outside world.
See also: Trương Định, Treaty of Saigon and Colonization of Cochinchina
Gold lạng (Tael) of Tự Đức
Treaties
 
When further rebellions broke out as the French were advancing on the capital, Tự Đức feared that his authority was crumbling. He preferred to make a deal with the French so that he could crush the rebellion since while France may demand humiliating concessions, the rebels would most likely depose and/or kill him. He signed away the southernmost of Vietnam, Cochinchina, to be a French colony and accepted the status of a French protectorate for his country. This caused a huge uproar, and many, such as the famous mandarin Trương Định, refused to recognize the treaty and fought on in defense of their country, denouncing Tự Đức for surrendering any part of their homeland.
Death
 
2 959

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