Diforc'hioù etre adstummoù "Vogalennoù a gentañ renk"

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Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
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{{Vogalennoù}}
 
Er [[yezhoniezh]] e vez implijet an termen '''vogalenn a gentañ renk''' ([[Saozneg|saoz.]]: [[:en:Cardinal vowel|''cardinal vowel'']]) war tachenn ar [[fonologiezh]] hag ar [[fonetik]] evit komz eus ur rumamd [[vogaelnn|vogalennoù]] resis hag a dalvez da daveennoù diazez evit gallout deskrivañ [[lec'h distagañ]] holl vogalennoù ur yezh resis, da skouer bez e c'heller deskrivañ ar vogalenn "i" e [[brezhoneg]] dre he c'heñveriañ gant ar voagelenn a gentañ renk [i].
 
A cardinal vowel is a [[vowel]] sound produced when the [[tongue]] is in an extreme position, either front or back, high or low. The current system was systematised by [[Daniel Jones (phonetician)|Daniel Jones]] in the early 20th century, though the idea goes back to earlier phoneticians, notably Ellis and Bell.
[[Image:Cardinal vowel tongue position-front.png|thumb|Highest tongue positions of cardinal front vowels]]
[[Image:Cardinal vowel chart-accurate(png).svg|200px|thumb|left|Diagram of relative highest points of tongue for cardinal vowels]]
[[Image:Cardinal vowel tongue position-back(png).svg|thumb|180px|Highest tongue positions of cardinal back vowels]]
[[Image:Cardinal vowel chart-common(png).svg|thumb|190px|A more commonly seen schematic diagram of highest tongue positions of cardinal vowels]]
 
[[Skeudenn:Cardinal vowel tongue position-front.png|thumb|Lec'hiadurioù uhelañ an teod o klotaat gant ar [[vogalenn a-raok|vogalennoù a-raok]] a gentañ renk]]
'''Cardinal vowels''' are a set of reference vowels used by phoneticians in describing the sounds of languages. For instance, the vowel of the [[English language|English]] word "feet" can be described with reference to cardinal vowel 1, {{IPA|[i]}}, which is the cardinal vowel closest to it.
[[Skeudenn:Cardinal vowel chart-accurate(png).svg|200px|thumb|Uhelderioù an teod pa distager pep vogalenn a gentañ renk lakaet keñver-ouzh-keñver]]
 
[[Skeudenn:Cardinal vowel tongue position-back(png).svg|thumb|180px|Lec'hiadurioù uhelañ an teod o klotaat gant ar [[vogalenn a-dreñv|vogalennoù a-dreñv]] a gentañ renk]]
A cardinal vowel is a [[vowel]] sound produced when the [[tongue]] is in an extreme position, either front or back, high or low. The current system was systematised by [[Daniel Jones (phonetician)|Daniel Jones]] in the early 20th century, though the idea goes back to earlier phoneticians, notably Ellis and Bell.
[[ImageSkeudenn:Cardinal vowel tongue positionchart-front.common(png).svg|thumb|Highest190px|A more commonly seen schematic diagram of highest tongue positions of cardinal front vowels]]
 
Three of the cardinal vowels, {{IPA|[i]}}, {{IPA|[ɑ]}} and {{IPA|[u]}} have articulatory definitions. [i] is produced with the tongue as far forward and as high in the mouth as is possible (without producing friction), with spread lips. {{IPA|[u]}} is produced with the tongue as far back and as high in the mouth as is possible, with pursed lips. This sound can be approximated by adopting the posture to whistle a very low note, or blow out a candle. {{IPA|[ɑ]}} is produced with the tongue as low and as far back in the mouth as possible.
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