Disproziom : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

2 450 okted lamet ,  1 bloaz zo
Infobox
(Infobox)
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<!-- DISPROZIOM -->
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{| align="center" width="100%" bgcolor="#ffbfff"
| align="center" | <span style="font-size:1.5em;">'''D I S P R O Z I O M'''</span>
|}
{| align="center"
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
| align="center" | <span style="color:#fff"><small>0</small></span>
|-
! colspan="2" style="background-image:linear-gradient(to right, #ffbfff, #fff); color:#000;"|<!-- <div style="float:left; padding:5px;">[[Restr:Radiation warning symbol.svg|32px]]</div> --><div style="float:right; padding:5px;">[[Restr:Vector molecule.svg|32px]]</div> <span style="font-size:2em;">Disproziom</span>
| align="center" colspan="8" | [[Terbiom]] – '''Disproziom''' – [[Holmiom]]
|-
| align="rightcenter" colspan="2" rowspan="2" | [[Terbiom]] – '''DyDisproziom'''<br>[[Kaliforniom|CfHolmiom]]
|-
| colspan="2" |
| align="center" colspan="6"| [[Restr:Dy-TableImage.svg|250px|taolenn beriodek, Disproziom]]
{|
 
<div style="text-align: right"><small>[[Taolenn beriodek an elfennoù|Taolenn beriodek]]</small></div>
|-bgcolor=Silver
| align="center" colspan="8" | '''Perzhioù hollek'''
|-
| <br>'''Dy'''<br>[[Kaliforniom|Cf]]
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| colspan="2"| [[Restr:Dy-TableImage.svg|250px|Taolenn beriodek, Disproziom]]
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Niver atomek]]</small>'''
<div style="text-align: right"><mark>[[Taolenn beriodek an elfennoù|Taolenn beriodek]]</mark></div>
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>66</small>
|}
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
|- bgcolor="#ffbfff"
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Rummad kimiek]]</small>'''
! colspan="2" | Perzhioù hollek
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>[[Lantanid]]où</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | <small>'''[[Strollad eus an daolenn beriodek|Strollad]]''', '''[[Trovezh eus an daolenn beriodek|trovezh]]''', '''[[Bloc'h eus an daolenn beriodek|bloc'h]]'''</small>
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>Lantanidoù, 6, f</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Tolz atomek]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>162,5 u</small>
|-bgcolor=Silver
| align="center" colspan="8" | '''Aozadur elektronek'''
|-
|'''[[Niver atomek]]''' || 66
| align="center" colspan="8" | <small>[[Aozadur elektronek an atomoù|[Xe] 4f<sup>10</sup> 6s<sup>2</sup>]]</small><br><small>Dasparzh an elektronoù<br>dre liveoù gremm :<br>2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2</small>
|-
|'''[[Rummad kimiek]]''' || [[Lantanid]]où
| align="center" colspan="8" | [[Restr:Electron shell 066 Dysprosium - no label.svg|center|200px]]
|-bgcolor=Silver
| align="center" colspan="8" | '''Perzhioù atomek'''
|-
|'''[[Strollad eus an daolenn beriodek|Strollad]]''' || Lantanidoù
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Niver oksidadur]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | '''<small>+ 3</small>'''<br><small>(oksidenn vazennek skañv)</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Tredanleiegezh]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>1,22 (skeul Pauling)</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Gremmoù ionadur]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>'''1 :''' 573,016 kJ/mol</small><br>
<small>'''2 :''' 1 125,983 kJ/mol</small><br>
<small>'''3 :''' 2 199,864 kJ/mol</small><br>
<small>'''4 :''' 4 001,244 kJ/mol</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Skin atomek]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>231 pm</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Skin kenamsav]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>180 pm</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Skin Van der Vaals]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>(stlenn ebet)</small>
|-bgcolor=Silver
| align="center" colspan="8" | '''Perzhioù fizikel'''
|-
|'''[[Trovezh eus an daolenn beriodek|trovezh]]''' || 6
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Arvez]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>Kaled</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Douester]] (20&nbsp;°C)</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>8,531 g/cm<sup>3</sup></small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Teuzverk]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>2 573&nbsp;°C</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Bervverk]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>4 652&nbsp;°C</small>
|-bgcolor=#e9e955
| align="left" colspan="4" | '''<small>[[Tredanharzusted]]</small>'''
| align="left" colspan="4" bgcolor="#ffffff" | <small>926 nΩ•m (e 20&nbsp;°C)</small>
|-bgcolor="Silver"
| align="center" colspan="8" | '''Neuz an elfenn'''
|-
|'''[[Bloc'h eus an daolenn beriodek|bloc'h]]''' || f
| align="center" colspan="8" | [[Restr:Dysprosium-2.jpg|250px]]<br><center>'''Disproziom'''</center>
|-
|'''[[Tolz atomek]]''' || 162,5
|- bgcolor="#ffbfff"
! colspan="2" | Aozadur elektronek
|-
| colspan="2" align="center" | '''[[Aozadur elektronek an atomoù|[Xe] 4f<sup>10</sup> 6s<sup>2</sup>]]'''<br>Dasparzh an elektronoù : '''2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2'''
|-
| colspan="3" | [[Restr:Electron shell 066 Dysprosium - no label.svg|center|150px]]
|- bgcolor="#ffbfff"
! colspan="2" | Perzhioù atomek
|- valign="top"
|'''[[Niver oksidadur]]''' || '''+ 3'''<br>''Oksidenn [[bazenn|vazennek]] skañv''
|-
|'''[[Tredanleiegezh]]''' || 1,22 <small>''(Skeul Linus Pauling)''</small>
|- valign="top"
|'''[[Gremmoù ionadur]]'''|| '''1 :''' 573,016 kJ/mol<br>'''2 :''' 1 125,983 kJ/mol<br>'''3 :''' 2 199,864 kJ/mol<br>'''4 :''' 4 001,244 kJ/mol
|-
|'''[[Skin atomek]]''' || 231 pm
|-
|'''[[Skin kenamsav]]''' || 180 pm
|-
|'''[[Skin Van der Vaals]]''' || (stlenn ebet)
|- bgcolor="#ffbfff"
! colspan="3" | Perzhioù fizikel
|-
|'''[[Arvez]]''' || Kaled
|-
| '''[[Douester]] (≈20°C)''' || 8,531 g/cm<sup>3</sup>
|-
| '''[[Teuzverk]]''' || 2 573°C
|-
| '''[[Bervverk]]''' || 4 652°C
|-
| '''[[Tredanharzusted]]''' || 926 nΩ•m (e 20°C)
|- bgcolor="#ffbfff"
! colspan="2" | Neuz an elfenn
|-
| align="center" colspan="3" | [[Restr:Dysprosium-2.jpg|300px]]
|}
|}
 
Un [[elfenn gimiek]] eo an '''disproziom''' ; '''Dy''' eo e [[arouez kimiek]], '''66''' e [[niver atomek]] ha '''162,500''' e [[mas atomek|dolz atomek]].
 
 
== Notennoù ==
{{Daveoù}}
<references />
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== Daveennoù ==
* [http://portal.acs.org/portal/acs/corg/content ''American Chemical Society''] {{en}} <small>Liamm oberiant 25 DU 12</small>
* STWERTKA Albert, ''A Guide to the Elements'', Oxford University Press, 1996 ISBN 978-0-19-508083-4 {{en}}
* [http://www.webelements.com/ ''Webelements''] {{en}} <small>Liamm oberiant 26 HER 2012</small>
</div>
 
{{ElfennoùKimiek}}
 
[[Rummad:Elfennoù kimiek]]
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