Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

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[[FileRestr:Carolyne von Sayn-Wittgenstein 1847.png|thumb|150px|Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein in 1847]]
[[FileRestr:Carolyne Sayn-Wittgenstein02.jpg|thumb|150px|Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein gant he merc'h [[Marie zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst|Marie]], en 1840.]]
'''Carolyne Elisabeth zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg-Ludwigsburg ''' (1819-1887) a oa ur gontez polonat, c'hoar d'an tsar, hag a vevas gant ar sonaozour [[Franz Liszt]] e-pad 40 vloaz.
Kelaouennerez e oa ivez ha krediñ a reer e savas kalz eus skridoù Liszt, ha dreist-holl e vuhezskrid [[Frédéric Chopin|Chopin]].
She pursued an enormous correspondence with Liszt and many others which is of vital historical interest. She admired and encouraged [[Hector Berlioz]], as is clear from their extensive correspondence. Berlioz dedicated ''[[Les Troyens]]'' to Princess Carolyne. She was portrayed by [[Capucine]] in the 1960 film ''[[Song Without End]]''.
==He buhez==
'''Karolina Elżbieta Iwanowska''' a oa ganet e [[Voronivtsi|Woronińce]] (hiziv Voronivtsi (''Воронівці''), en [[Ukraina]]), unan eus domanioù bras he zud e reter Pologn, a oa neuze ur broviñs en [[Impalaeriezh Rus]]. E miz Ebrel 1836, e timezas d'un ofiser rus, ar Priñs [[Nikolaus zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg]] (1812–1864; mab da [[Peter Wittgenstein]])
<!-- a member of an ancient [[Baltic German]] noble house.<ref name="Estland">[ "''Genealogisches Handbuch der baltischen Ritterschaften'', Teil 2, 3: Estland", Görlitz. 1930. p. 297]</ref> ur verc'h o doe, [[Marie Pauline Antoinette]] (1837–1920) a zimezas diwezhatoc'h d'ar Priñs [[Konstantin zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst]].
Princess Carolyne met [[Franz Liszt]] in 1847, during one of his musical tours in Russia. She had then been estranged from her husband for some time. Ar briñsez katolik ha Liszt began living together e Weimar adal 1848. She eventually wished to marry Liszt and regularise their situation, but since she was still married and her husband was still alive, she had to convince the Roman Catholic authorities that her marriage to him had been invalid. After an intricate process, she was temporarily successful (September 1860). It was planned that the couple would marry in Rome, on Liszt's 50th birthday, October 22, 1861. Liszt arrived in Rome the previous day, only to find the Princess unable to marry him. It appears that both her husband and the Tsar of Russia had managed to quash permission for the marriage at the Vatican. The Russian government also impounded her several estates (she owned thousands of serfs), which made her later marriage to Liszt, or anybody, unfeasible. Furthermore, the scandal would have seriously harmed her daughter's marriageability—clearly the main reason why the Prince put an end to the scheduled marriage.
Subsequently, her relationship to Liszt became one of platonic companionship, especially after he had received minor orders in the Catholic Church and become an ''abbé''. She was devastated by Liszt's death and survived him only a very few months. She died in Rome on March 9, 1887.
Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein was a writer but her works were mostly privately printed: the chief of these was: ''Des causes intérieures de la faiblesse extérieure de l'Église'', 24 vols. This book was placed on the [[Index Librorum Prohibitorum]]<ref>[ Index librorum prohibitorum] von 1948.</ref>
A posthumous publication was: ''La vie chretienne au milieu du monde et en notre siècle. Entretiens pratiques recueillis et publiés par Henri Lasserre'', Paris 1895 {{fr icon}}
== Levrlennadur ==