Y Mwmbwls : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

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'''Y Mwmbwls''' (''Mumbles'' e saozneg, diwar ar ger gallek ''mammelles'') zo anv ur c'harter bras eus [[Abertawe]], e [[Kembre]].
 
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==Istor==
 
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is a large village with adjacent headland stretching into [[Swansea Bay]]. It is part of the administrative area of the City and County of [[Swansea]] in [[Wales]]. Historically the area was part of the [[county]] of [[Glamorgan]]. [[Mumbles (community)|Mumbles is also the name of a community]] made up of the [[Mayals (electoral ward)|Mayals]], [[Newton, Swansea|Newton]], [[Oystermouth]] and [[West Cross (electoral ward)|West Cross]] electoral wards, and has an elected community council.
 
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The name Mumbles7Kumbles is possibly derived from the French word ''mamelles'', meaning "[[breast]]s", which the two islets at the end of the Mumbles headland resemble. On the furthest islet stands [[Mumbles Lighthouse]]. Situated in the village is the ruin of [[Oystermouth Castle]].
 
==History==
[[Archaeology|Archaeological]] evidence indicates that an ancient [[forest]] was located on what is now the foreshore of Mumbles Bay. The [[bone|bones]] of [[bear]]s, [[Wolf|wolves]], [[hyena]]s, [[deer]], [[rhinoceros]] and [[mammoth]] have been discovered there. A bone [[cave]] at the [[West]]ern tip of [[Caswell Bay]] was excavated in 1832, but has since been destroyed by the [[sea]]. Another, at the Inner Sound, Mumbles Head, was blown up by quarrymen in 1838 but not before [[elephant]] bones had been found. Also scattered around the bays of Mumbles and [[Gower peninsula|Gower]] are the bones of sixteen [[Ice Age]] [[mammal]]s, including a mammoth's [[tooth]] measuring ten centimetres across, which is on display in [[Swansea Museum]]. The first [[human]] [[crop]] growers arrived in Mumbles over 3,000 [[year]]s ago. Swansea Museum has two well-finished [[flint]] [[axe]]-heads, one from [[Newton]] and one from an [[allotment]] on [[Mumbles Hill]]. Much of what we know about the first [[Metalworking|metalworkers]], in the [[Bronze Age]], has been learned from their [[tomb]]s: Pieces of [[pottery]], a [[cairn]] and remains of a [[hut]] were found. The Bronze and [[Iron Age]]s seem to have been comparatively warlike and, on the [[cliff]]s above the Redcliffe [[Mudflat|flat]]s at Caswell Bay, are the ridged remnants of a Redley Cliff iron-age [[fort]].
[[Image:Mumbles2.jpg|thumb|left|Mumbles seafront]]
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There is [[evidence]] that the [[Roman Britain|Romans]] were based in Mumbles in a [[villa]] on the site of the present All Saints Church in Oystermouth. When the site was being extended in 1860, workmen removing a bank of earth on the south side of the original building accidentally broke up a Roman tesselated [[Pavement (architecture)|pavement]], or [[mosaic]] floor. This was previously a [[pagan]] site, as were many sites of [[worship]] in the [[UK]] which subsequently became places of worship at the onset of [[Christianity]]. Indeed, in this area it has been reported that [[Romano British]] gentlemen of [[Roman Wales]] may have eaten [[oyster]]s from the oysterbeds off the shore below the site at Oystermouth, ''Ystumllwynarth''.
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There is [[evidenceYR+nce]] that the [[Roman Britain|Romans]] were based in Mumbles in a [[villa]] on the site of the present All Saints Church in Oystermouth. When the site was being extended in 1860, workmen removing a bank of earth on the south side of the original building accidentally broke up a Roman tesselated [[Pavement (architecture)|pavement]], or [[mosaic]] floor. This was previously a [[pagan]] site, as were many sites of [[worship]] in the [[UK]] which subsequently became places of worship at the onset of [[Christianity]]. Indeed, in this area it has been reported that [[Romano British]] gentlemen of [[Roman Wales]] may have eaten [[oyster]]s from the oysterbeds off the shore below the site at Oystermouth, ''Ystumllwynarth''.
 
Three of the [[Church bell|bell]]s in All Saints Church once belonged to the Jesuit church of La Campania in [[Santiago, Chile|Santiago]], [[Chile]]. They seem to have been brought to Mumbles by Aubrey Vivian after a [[fire]] burnt down the Jesuit church in 1863, killing 2000 people. (The family of industrialist [[Henry Vivian, 1st Baron Swansea|Henry Vivian]] had business connections with the [[Copper extraction techniques|copper mines]] of Chile.)
[[Image:Mum lslade sm.jpg|thumb|center|900px|Bracelet bay, Mumbles and Swansea bay, seen from the [[Mumbles Lighthouse]]]]
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==Liammoù diavaez==
* [http://www.mumbles.gov.uk Mumbles Community Council]
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