Diforc'hioù etre adstummoù "Blanca Kastilha"

3 877 okted ouzhpennet ,  11 vloaz zo
Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
Dimeziñ a reas d'ar roue gall [[Loeiz VIII]], hag a voe rouanez Bro-C'hall, a oa mamm d'ar roue gall [[Loeiz IX]], anavezet ivez evel [[sant Loeiz]].
==He buhez==
Hervez feuremglev Le Goulet etre ar rouaned gall ha saoz (Fulup-Aogust ha Yann Dizouar) e oa bet kefrisaet Urraca, c'hoar Blanca, da vab ar roue gall Loeiz. Met ar vamm-gozh Alienor (pe Eleanor), goude graet anaoudegezh gant an div briñsez spagnol, a gavas e teree gwelloc'h Blanca ouzh ar garg.
En 1200 eta, en nevezamzer, e tegasas Blanca ganti da vro-C'hall.
<!-- Comme prévu dans le traité du Goulet signé entre les rois de France et d'Angleterre cette même année, elle est mariée à Port-Mort en 1200 au futur Louis VIII, fils de Philippe-Auguste. -->
On 22 May 1200 the treaty was finally signed, John ceding with his niece the fiefs of [[Issoudun]] and [[Gracay]], together with those that [[Andre de Chauvigny|André de Chauvigny]], lord of Châteauroux, held in [[Berry (province)|Berry]], of the English crown. The marriage was celebrated the next day, at Portmort on the right bank of the [[Seine]], in John's domains, as those of Philip lay under an interdict.
Blanche first displayed her great qualities in 1216, when Louis, who on the death of John claimed the English crown in her right, invaded England, only to find a united nation against him. Philip Augustus refused to help his son, and Blanche was his sole support. The queen established herself at [[Calais]] and organized two fleets, one of which was commanded by [[Eustace the Monk]], and an army under [[Robert of Courtenay]]; but all her resolution and energy were in vain. Although it would seem that her masterful temper exercised a sensible influence upon her husband's gentler character, her role during his reign (1223-1226) is not well known.
Upon his death he left Blanche [[regent]] and guardian of his children. Of her twelve or thirteen children, six had died, and Louis, the heir – afterwards the sainted [[Louis IX of France|Louis&nbsp;IX]] – was but twelve years old.
The situation was critical, for the hard-won domains of the house of Capet seemed likely to fall to pieces during a minority. Blanche had to bear the whole burden of affairs alone, to break up a league of the barons (1226), and to repel the attack of the king of England (1230). But her energy and firmness overcame all dangers.
There was an end to the calumnies circulated against her, based on the poetical homage rendered her by Count [[Theobald IV of Champagne]], a.k.a. King [[Theobald I of Navarre]] since 1234, and the prolonged stay in Paris of the papal legate, [[Romano Bonaventura]], cardinal of Sant' Angelo.
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The nobles were awed by her warlike preparations or won over by adroit diplomacy, and their league was broken up. St Louis owed his realm to his mother, but he himself always remained somewhat under the spell of her imperious personality.
She did not have a good relationship her daughter-in-law [[Margaret of Provence]], perhaps due to the strong relationship she had with her son. Jean de Joinville tells of the time when Queen Margaret was giving birth and Blanche entered the room telling her son to leave saying "Come ye hence, ye do naught here". Queen Margaret then allegedly fainted out of distress. When Queen Margaret was present in the royal household she did not like Margaret and Louis to be together "except when he went to lie with her".<ref>Jean de Joinville, The History of Saint Louis trans. J.Evans 1938: p 184 (New York Press)</ref>
After he came of age, in 1234, aged 20, her influence upon him may still be traced. The same year, he was married, and Blanche became [[Queen mother]]. Louis IX married Margaret of Provence, who was the eldest of four daughters of Ramon, count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy. In 1248 Blanche again became regent, during Louis IX's absence on the crusade, a project which she had strongly opposed. In the disasters which followed she maintained peace, while draining the land of men and money to aid her son in the East. At last her strength failed her.
==He marv==
Klañv e vanas e [[Melun]] e miz Du 1252, ha kaset e voe da Bariz, met ne vevas nemet un toulladig deizioù. Beziet e voe e [[Maubuisson]].
<!-- Comme prévu dans le traité du Goulet signé entre les rois de France et d'Angleterre cette même année, elle est mariée à Port-Mort en 1200 au futur Louis VIII, fils de Philippe-Auguste. -->
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