William Lynch (lezenn Lynch) : diforc'h etre ar stummoù

Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
Diverradenn ebet eus ar c'hemm
Ar c'habiten '''William Lynch''' (1742–1820) a oa un den eus [[Pittsylvania County]], e [[Virginia]], e [[SUA]], a lavare bout deraouer al "lynch law" hag al "lynching".
 
N'eo ket eñ ar William Lynch en dije graet ar [[William Lynch speech]], prezegenn William Lynch, e 1712, a voe distaget 30 vloaz a-raok ma voe-eñ ganet.
 
 
== Lezenn Lynch==
 
Ar gerioù "Lynch's Law", pe [[Lezenn Lynch]], a oa anavezet a-benn 1782 gant un den anvet Charles Lynch a rae an anv-se eus e oberoù a-enep un emsavadeg e 1780 e-padar [[Brezel Dispac'hel Amerika]]. <ref name="ANB">Brent Tarter. "Lynch, Charles". ''[[American National Biography Online]]'', February 2000.</ref>
<br />An dud a oa diskred warne a veze barnet buan ha buan gant ur seurt lez-varn, kondaonet e vezent da vezañ skourjezet, kemeret o madoù digante, rediet da vont d'an arme.
 
<!--
<!--coerced pledges of allegiance, . Charles Lynch's extralegal actions were retroactively legitimized by the Virginia General Assembly in 1782.[1]
in suppressing a suspected [[Loyalist (American Revolution)|Loyalist]] uprising in 1780 during the [[American Revolutionary War]].
 
<!--The suspects were given a summary trial at an informal court; sentences handed down included whipping, property seizure, coerced pledges of allegiance, and conscription into the military. Charles Lynch's extralegal actions were retroactively legitimized by the Virginia General Assembly in 1782.[1]<ref name="ANB" />
In 1811, Captain William Lynch claimed that the phrase "Lynch's Law", by then famous, actually came from a 1780 compact signed by him and his neighbours in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, to uphold their own brand of law independent of legal authority. The obscurity of the Pittsylvania County compact compared to the well-known actions of Charles Lynch casts doubt on it being the source of the phrase.[1] According to the American National Biography:
 
In 1811, Captain William Lynch claimed that the phrase "Lynch's Law", by then famous, actually came from a 1780 compact signed by him and his neighbours in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, to uphold their own brand of law independent of legal authority. The obscurity of the Pittsylvania County compact compared to the well-known actions of Charles Lynch casts doubt on it being the source of the phrase.[1]<ref name="ANB" /> According to the ''[[American National Biography]]'':
What was purported to be the text of the Pittsylvania agreement was later printed in the Southern Literary Messenger (2 [May 1836]: 389). However, the Pittsylvania County alliance, if it was formed at all, was so obscure compared to the well-known suppression of the uprising in southwestern Virginia that Charles Lynch's use of the phrase makes it seem most probable that it was derived from his actions, not from William Lynch's.[1]
 
<blockquote>What was purported to be the text of the Pittsylvania agreement was later printed in the ''[[Southern Literary Messenger]]'' (2 [May 1836]: 389). However, the Pittsylvania County alliance, if it was formed at all, was so obscure compared to the well-known suppression of the uprising in southwestern Virginia that Charles Lynch's use of the phrase makes it seem most probable that it was derived from his actions, not from William Lynch's.[1]<ref name="ANB" /></blockquote>
The compact published in the Southern Literary Messenger that proposed William Lynch as the originator of "lynch law" may have been a hoax perpetrated by Edgar Allan Poe.[2]
 
The compact published in the ''Southern Literary Messenger'' that proposed William Lynch as the originator of "lynch law" may have been a hoax perpetrated by [[Edgar Allan Poe.[2]].<ref>Christopher Waldrep, ''The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America'', Macmillan, 2002, p. 21.</ref>
[edit] References
1.^ a b c d Brent Tarter. "Lynch, Charles". American National Biography Online, February 2000.
2.^ Christopher Waldrep, The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America, Macmillan, 2002, p. 21.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Lynch_(Lynch_law)"
Categories: 1742 births | 1820 deaths | People from Pittsylvania County, Virginia
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==Notennoù==
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Lynch, William}}
 
[[Rummad:Virginia]]
[[Rummad:Lezennoù SUA]]
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